How Electric Vehicles Work?

If you think that Electric Vehicles are very new to us, then you are actually wrong, because these electric vehicles are as old as the gasoline-powered cars and motors. But the main reason behind its nonexistence is its expensiveness. Yeah, you heard it right, due to the higher cost of the conventional gas-powered vehicles they remain in the shadows and never actually made their way to the market.

Actually these electric vehicles are like any other vehicles but they are powered by batteries and which are being charged by an external electric source. Due to this reason, only these electric vehicles are very much different from the traditional gasoline-powered vehicles.

But Gradually more people are concerned about electric vehicles as they have more concern about the environment. Since seeing the modern interest in the electric vehicle, some acts are passed in the US. Speaking about them, it’s the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act, which was passed in 1976. Since then, manufacturers started taking an interest in manufacturing prototypes of electric vehicles.

But you may be thinking then why have the electric vehicles not made their way to the market then. The reason is the same i.e. higher costs which prevented from being available in the market.

Why Electric Vehicles are so Flourishing in the Current Time?

The technology behind electric vehicles may be old enough. Still, due to its higher cost, it was not viable for the general public to purchase these costly vehicles when low costed gasoline cars are plentily available.

But things have changed a lot now, like the decreasing availability of natural gas and oil is the main concern for the vehicle manufacturers to look for a better alternative at this time. Again other reasons are also there like environmental pollution, which is the main catalyst in the rising of greenhouse gases emission. So people are more interested in such technology which will be saving their fuel cost and again is beneficial for the environment.

And you will also agree with the fact that Electric Vehicles are such transport which fulfills both of these criteria. So yes, these electric vehicles are very much flourishing in the current time. Again these cars are fuel-efficient also. Rather more research is presently going on to make them more eco-friendly. Also, big car manufacturers like Nissan, Toyota, Tesla, Chevrolet, etc. are coming forward to releasing cars with electric vehicle technology.

Growth of Electric Vehicles in America

After the inclusion of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act in 2009, there has been remarkable growth in the installation of 18,000 residential, commercial, and public chargers around the country.

And the number continues to grow in the following years. Now the estimated number is around 22,000. And, one can easily find these different public electric vehicle charging locations all across the country. Due to the establishment of these charging stations, it helped the electric car owners to recharge their vehicles just like the gasoline-powered vehicles. They don’t have to wait at the gas station for refilling their vehicles. This feasibility is one of the main reasons for the growth of electric vehicles in America.

What is an Electric Car?

An Electric Car is nothing but a car which is powered by electricity. You may be wondering whether the definition provided by me is correct or not. I want to clarify that there is no rocket science behind the Electric Cars, they are as simple as any other cars, but yes they are powered by electricity.

You may have used the term EV (electric vehicle). These vehicles use electricity to power all or some parts of the machine. I mean to say that some are fully electric vehicles while some are partial electric.

Types of Electric Cars

Speaking about Electric Vehicles, there are two main types of electric vehicles :

All-Electric Vehicle (AEVs): These are those vehicles that run entirely off of electricity; I mean, no other power sources are used to provide power to the vehicle.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs): These Vehicles are not run completely on electricity, rather they use a combination of plug-in charging and petroleum-based fuel. It means that they are not completely dependent upon one source of power, rather based on availability, they have the choice to choose the correct alternative for themselves.

Eco-friendly car: These are not an electric car. Technically also they cannot be called electric cars. The reason is quite simple i.e. these cars cannot be charged using chargers in any charging station. It seems unbelievable right, its because, in these cars, their gasoline-powered internal combustion engines are supplemented with battery power.

Also apart from that like the EVs, these vehicles make use of regenerative braking to recharge their battery.

What is Regenerative Braking?

This regenerative braking technology is something which is used in the Electric vehicles. Speaking about which, this technology is used to generate electricity from the brakes which are applied in our vehicles.

But usually this energy is lost in conventional gas-powered cars, but here in the cases of Electric Vehicles, this unutilized energy is also used to generate electricity. As a result, it helps the cars to keep their charge for a longer period. Again this helps the drivers who use their vehicles to drive in cities where drivers are required to apply more brakes and that too more frequently.

How does Electric Vehicle Work?

Like I have previously mentioned that these All-electric vehicles (AEV), as they are called all-electric, are basically those vehicles that run completely on electricity.

Speaking about the AEV motors, they are purely electric, and they are powered by rechargeable battery packs. And again, the time is taken to recharge the battery depends upon the type of battery used. Like some take as little as 30-40 minutes (via fast charging), or it will take around 12 hours also (when using Level 1 charging).

The typical range of these vehicles is around 60 to 120 miles, while some luxury models have a greater range also around 300 miles.

Comparing the time required by these AEV to charge is quite longer compared to the PHEV, the reason is that AEV is completely electric, so they must have a larger battery than PHEV. A small tip for those smart user is that if you are charging your all-electric car on a regular basis without allowing them their battery to completely run out actually will help you to maintain a higher vehicle range, believe me.

Let’s look as some of the AEVs that are available in the market like Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Bolt and Spark, Tesla Model S and X, and BMW i3 BEV.

How the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Car Works?

The working of these Plug-in hybrid vehicles is quite different from the All-Electric Vehicles. The reason is quite simple as it has both a battery and a gasoline-powered engine. It helps it to reach cover maximum range as compared to the all-electric cars.

In the Plug-In Hybrid Electric Cars, for covering shorter distance, electricity is used (like 5 to 30 miles), and they automatically switch over to Gasoline Mode to power the internal combustion engine when the distance to be covered large enough.

Considering this, one can easily infer that PHEVs functions like a hybrid electric vehicle. As a result, it is consuming very less fuel and again producing very less emission compared to similar conventional vehicles. So we can say it has the advantages of both the technology, which is making it more viable for the users to use it.

Since this hybrid electric vehicle consumes less fuel and also emit lesser emissions, so it allows the driver to go for longer distances. And the driver has the option to use the other alternative power source once the batteries get over.

Let’s look at the examples of PHEVs which are available in the market, like Chevrolet Volt, BMW 330e, and Ford Fusion Energi.

How to Charge an Electric Vehicle?

Like we refill our fuel tanks in conventional vehicles. Likewise, the batteries of the electric vehicles need to be charged to use the vehicle. Again the fuel cost is more as compared to the charging of batteries using electricity.

Again there are charging stations present around the cities, and also you can install one at your home. So you don’t have to stand in the queues for filling your gas.
In order to charge your electric vehicle, you need to plug your car into a charger that is connected with the electric grid. There is a term used for these chargers i.e Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE).


Till now you must have read the article ” How Electric Vehicle Works? Here in this article, we have tried our best to explain the principle and theory of the working of electric vehicles. If you have any doubts regarding the things which are explained in this article, then feel free to comment about it below. We will be more than happy to answer then.

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