What are the different types of electric vehicles? Like conventional petrol and diesel cars, electric cars also have many types. It is very much usual to have more than one type of car category. Because slight changes in the design and construction make a quite different type of cars. Again different types is also necessary as many people have different requirement and choices, so the greater the types it helps more in choosing the right one for oneself.
In this scenario, Electric Cars are not much different. There exist many variants of Electric Cars which have different technology used to power the engine. Since till now, you must have understood What actually are Electric Vehicles? Lets now discuss what are the different types of Electric Cars present today’s world. Without any more waiting, let’s get started.
Types of Electric Cars
Before getting into knowing the major types of Electric Cars, lets first know what is an electric car.
An Electric Car is an electric vehicle (EV), which is not like some conventional petrol vehicle which uses fuels like petrol or diesel to power the engine. But these Electric Cars uses electricity as the power source to drive the Vehicle.
Electric Cars are primarily divided into two types :
All-electric vehicles (AEVs), this is fully powered by electricity and the other is plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which is use a combination of plug-in charging and gasoline to run.
How Many Types of Electric Cars are There?
If you want to know what are All-electric cars, then you need to analyse the name itself. I mean to say that here the name itself is explaining itself. These All-Electric Vehicles entirely run on electricity.
The motor which is used in these vehicles are entirely powered by rechargeable batteries. And these batteries need to be recharged when the charge goes down. These batteries are charged in the electric vehicles charging stations.
Since the AEVs are completely powered by batteries so obviously, it will take more time in order to charge them completely as compared to a PHEV.
What is the Range of an Electric Vehicle?
It’s the distance (in miles) an electric vehicle can cover on a single full charge of its batteries.
Since these vehicles are completely dependent over the batteries so for the optimum mileage of these vehicles, the batteries need to last longer. And for that, if you charge your AEV on a regular basis without making them completely dry out, then automatically it will help the electric vehicles to maintain greater vehicle range.
Use of Regenerative Braking Technology in AEV (All-Electric Vehicles)
A new technology calls regenerative braking is used in these All-electric vehicles. This technology uses energy which is produced while applying brakes in a vehicle. Here the energy which was earlier wasted is made to use for generating an electric charge.
Since this is an additional charge which is made to use for recharging the battery, so it helps the charge of batteries to stay a little longer. Again this type of technology is most applicable in cities as there the drivers have to use brakes more frequently.
How much Distance an Electric Vehicle can Cover in a Single Charge?
The distance travel by an AEV differs from one manufacturer to another. While the standard distance an AEV can cover is around 60 to 100 miles that to on a single charge. But yes some luxury models can cover distance upto 250 to 300 miles on a single charge.
Since the distance travelled by an AEV is having much more importance. As the greater distance, the AEV can help the driver and the travellers to travel without recharging the batteries. So Higher range AEVs are hugely demanded.
But here the main concern arises due to the higher cost of the luxury model of AEVs. As manufacturers have to design the structure and the batteries used in the luxury models of AEVs to be more efficient so that they can cover greater ranges. But in this due process of the research and development, it results in increased cost of the vehicles.
Let’s discuss some the examples of AEVs of different manufacturers and their ranges. Like for Mitsubishi i-MiEV, its scope is around 62 miles per charge, and for Nissan Leaf, its range is about 84 miles per charge. Again one of the leading non-luxury brand cars, i.e. made by Hyundai called Ioniq Electric has an outstanding range of around 124 miles per charge.
While comparing these all-electric vehicle options, its important to take into account other factors also like the needs of the driver, the distance of the trips, and the price of these vehicles.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Speaking about these Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) they are such electric vehicles which uses both a battery and an internal combustion engine that uses gasoline to run the cars. Here it has an advantage of multiple sources of fuel options, which is not there in AEVs.
Since there is a significant difference an AEV and a PHEV, it results in having a more extended range for the PHEVs as compared to the AEVs.
If we look at the functioning of the PHEVs, then we can easily find that for a shorter distance PHEVs run on electricity which is around 30 miles to 40 miles – and eventually, for the more extended range, it switches over to gasoline to power its internal combustion engine.
It can be said that these PHEVs function just like a hybrid electric vehicle, which results in consuming less fuel, and it also produces very fewer emissions than other similar gasoline-powered cars.
Use of Regenerative Braking technology in PHEV (Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles)
Like all-electric vehicles, PHEVs also use regenerative braking to recharge their batteries. So it has almost all the best features which you can find in the AEVs.
Again having both the option of Electric as well as Gas Options makes PHEVs a very better choice as compared to its competitors. Since it can also be powered by normal gas so there is no tension for the vehicle owners to limit their range of travelling. Again the option of recharging through sunlight also help them to recharge their batteries while travelling in the sun.
Before buying any vehicle, you need to consider your needs, the distance you want to travel in the car, and the price which you can afford. Again after taking into account all these things, you can easily decide the best vehicles for yourself.
Which type of Electric Car is Right for You?
Which type of electric car is best or right for you is entirely a personal decision. There are many different categories of Vehicles available to be used. Again these categories of vehicles have their advantages and disadvantages. Some may be good in ranges but not so good at the costs. Yet some have better fuels option while some are not so eco-friendly.
It depends upon your requirement and needs than which electric vehicle you want to purchase. Try to be economical as well as eco-friendly before purchasing one.
What Type of Electric Car Should I Buy?
Till now you must have read the article “Types of Electric Cars”. Here in this article, we have tried our best to explain all the available types of electric cars present currently. If you have any doubts regarding the things which are explained in this article, then feel free to comment about it below. We will be more than happy to answer later.
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